All companies should develop their own organizational risk management programs. Through these facilities, they should conduct qualitative risk assessments, which should be made at least once per year. One way to do this is by collecting big data, which presents both opportunities and threats. Based on these details, companies’ representatives calculate several risk metrics to track the organization’s performance and come up with effective strategies for its growth and development. Here are the most important risk metrics you should be aware of.
Top 5 Risk Metrics You Should Consider for Your Business
#1. Portfolio Standard Deviation
This is one of the most common risk metrics that companies measure to see how well they perform. It is a basic statistical tool, and it measures the fluctuation degree in your portfolio’s return. The larger this deviation is, the higher the fluctuations’ impact will be. For example, let’s say your portfolio’s average return is ten percent while its deviation is 15 percent. The average range of its returns should be between minus five and plus 25 percent.
#2. Risk of Loss
Risk of loss describes the frequency of negative outcomes. It determines the percentage of results that are situated below a certain level of total return. This level is usually zero percent. Risk of loss is one of the most effective risk metrics that all firms should use. With it, you will be able to assess if a certain business element such as a portfolio will find itself below a given return or value target. Risk of loss can also be determined in real terms after you remove the inflation’s impact.
#3. Shortfall Risk
This metric shows you whether or not an investment’s value will meet your portfolio’s goals. You can use different approaches to calculate this indicator. It is a great and effective element, especially if you want to develop a comprehensive investment plan. To create this plan, you should consider all your current assets as well as potential future liabilities. Moreover, you need to take into account both your company’s spending and accumulation periods.
#4. Sharpe Ratio
Sharpe ratio can be determined for security or a portfolio. It represents these elements’ risk-adjusted return. In other words, it is one of those risk metrics that measure how much return you will obtain with each theoretical risk unit. Sharpe ratios can be negative or positive, depending on how your business’ assets perform in a given period. Obviously, the higher this number is, the better your company is performing. Businesspeople use this ratio to make an accurate comparison between investments that come from the same asset classes and have similar characteristics.
#5. Treynor Ratio
Although this risk metric resembles a little with the Sharpe ratio, it also has some differences. Unlike the Sharpe ratio, the Treynor indicator calculates a portfolio’s risk-adjusted return versus the market. It determines the portfolio’s return for each unit of risk. This metric is, however, difficult to measure, and it requires a professional’s insight and expertise.
All the above risk metrics are a must for every company that wants to survive and grow in a difficult economic environment and a competitive market. So, go ahead and ask your investment manager to evaluate your firm’s performance by using these metrics and analyze their results in an accurate way.
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